Georgy Zhukov (November 19 (December 1) 1896, the village Strelkovka, Kaluga Province - June 18, 1974, Moscow) - Soviet commander, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1943), Minister of Defense of the USSR (1955-1957).
Four times Hero of the Soviet Union, the holder of two Orders "Victory", a variety of other Soviet and foreign orders and medals. During the Great Patriotic War has consistently served as Chief of General Staff, a member of the Supreme Command, Deputy Supreme Commander. After the war, served as Commander of the Army, commanded by Odessa, and then the Ural military districts. After Stalin's death became the first deputy Minister of Defense, and from 1955 to 1957 - Minister of Defence. In 1957, expelled from the Party Central Committee, dismissed from all posts in the army and in 1958 was dismissed.
During World War II
During the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945) served as the Chief of General Staff of the Red Army (February-July 1941), a member of the Command Headquarters (June 23, 1941), the Supreme Command (July 10, 1941), the Supreme Command (August 8, 1941), from August 26, 1942 he was Deputy Supreme Commander of August 27, 1942 - First Deputy People's Commissar of Defense of the USSR, commanded fronts: the Reserve, Leningrad, West (at the same time was a commander in chief of the Western Direction ), the 1st Ukrainian, Belarusian 1st
June 22, 1941, after the German attack, Zhukov prepared a Directive № 2 (otpr. in 07:15) and number 3 (otpr. at 23:50) People's Commissar of Defense (Timoshenko and Zhukov's signature), which contained orders to repel the attacks of the German Army Directive (number 2) and for a decisive attack on German troops (Directive number 3). Troops of the Western, Northwestern, Southwestern, Southern Fronts were not able to fulfill the assigned tasks in the Directives. The onset of June 23-28 has turned into a series of unsuccessful counterattacks, which have not led to expected results. The South-Western Front, where Zhukov himself was from June 23 as the representative rates of HA is not surrounded by the advancing group, as expected, although it managed to seriously slow the advance of German troops. Troops of the Western and North-Western Front in an attempt a counterattack suffered serious losses, and the Western Front was soon crushed.
In late July, after a series of heavy defeats in the West and Southwest areas July 29, 1941 Zhukov was dismissed from his post as Chief of Staff of the Red Army and was appointed commander of the Reserve Front. On July 31 as commander of the Reserve Front continued initiated in July 1941 (as part of the battle of Smolensk), Soviet forces counter-attacks little success, and then spent by the 24th Army offensive operation Elninskaya (30 August - 8 September). It was planned that the Red Army srezhut German wedging in the Soviet front, formed following the battle of Smolensk, and surround the 8 divisions of the enemy. Although the night of 6 to 7 September, in heavy rains, and the Germans had to withdraw from the bag Elninskaya operation was the first successful offensive operation of the Red Army from the beginning of World War II. Soviet losses in Elninskaya operations amounted to 31 853 people took part in 103 200 (31% of killed and wounded) 
After finishing operations Elninskaya Order dated September 11, was appointed commander of the Leningrad Front, had the task of breaking through deblokirovniya city environment with the 54th Army, posed the Stavka, the duties began on September 14, . Wehrmacht leadership decided to strangle the Leningrad blockade, avoiding the attack and keeping the troops for the central areas, but the German Army Group "North" under the influence of success in the Baltic and near Pskov, September 9 attempted to carry out the capture of the city . Under the command of Army General Zhukov from September 14 to October 6, troops of the Leningrad front in conjunction with the Baltic Fleet was carried out by the defense of Leningrad Army Group "North" Field Marshal Wilhelm von Leeb.
After stabilization of the front near Leningrad and began the blockade of Zhukov was recalled to the central direction of the front (head of the Reserve Front from October 8 and the Western Front from October 10), where the main forces of the Western, Reserve and Bryansk fronts in the first half of October, were rounded up and destroyed by German troops (16th, 19th, 20th Army and Army Group Boldin Western Front, the 24th and 32th Army Reserve Front, etc.). October 13 the Germans captured Kaluga, October 16 - Kalinin, October 18 - Maloyaroslavets.
During the second half of October and November 1941 the Western Front under the command of Zhukov's been active defense to wearing down the enemy forces and to prepare a counteroffensive on all fronts.
In the night of 5 December 6th started Klin-Solnechnogorsk offensive right flank of the Western Front under the command of Zhukov supported the left wing of the Kalinin Front under Konev. Troops of the Western Front (with the participation of the Kalinin Front, and others) defeated the troops of Army Group "Center" of Field Marshal von Bock in the counteroffensive at Moscow (December 5, 1941 - January 7, 1942.) Soviet losses amounted to 372 thousand in killed and wounded or 37% of the number of troops at the beginning of the operation . The successful attack was filmed threat to Moscow and the Moscow industrial region, the front line moved west to 100-250 km. The first major defeat of the Wehrmacht in World War II had an inspiring moral effect on the peoples of the anti-Hitler coalition.
In that year the direct command of Zhukov carried out by Soviet troops in four major offensive operations in wartime:
Moscow counteroffensive (up to January 7, 1942);
Rzhev-Vyazma operation (January 8 - April 20, 1942);
First Rzhev-Sychevsky operation (July 30 - August 23, 1942);
Second Rzhev-Sychevsky operation - Operation "Mars" (November 25 - December 20, 1942)
Significant successes of Soviet troops near Moscow in December 1941 led to the active Red Army offensive on all fronts. But in 1942 it became a choke because of increased resistance by German forces, due to disruptions in reinforcements and ammunition in the Red Army, due to the revaluation at stake progress. Losses in respect of the Rzhev-malorezultativnoy Vyazemskoy operations totaled 776,889 people - 73.3% of the number of troops to the beginning of the operation .
In the course of the Rzhev-Sychevsky operation in summer 1942 again resisted the enemy's front, Soviet troops advanced to 30-40 km. This operation does not lead to an outflow of German forces from the south of the front, but was not allowed to transfer to it and divisions of Army Group "Center". Losses in the operation amounted to 193 683 people (56.1% of the original population) . Here's how it evaluates the German offensive of General von Tippelskirch:
In early August there was a very difficult situation [in the direction of the Rzhev-Sychevsky]: Russian almost broke through the front. The breakthrough was averted only by the fact that three armored infantry divisions and a few that are ready to transfer to the Southern Front, were arrested and brought first to localize the break, and then to counterattack. Was a tactical success for the Germans. But the Russian, pinning down such a large number of German troops, have brought this great benefit to their main front. "
Operation "Mars", was carried out simultaneously with the initial phase of Operation "Uranus" was not prepared directly by Zhukov as commander of the front. During her training, he was a representative of the Supreme Command in the Stalingrad area. However, the coordination of the Western Front (Konev, commander of the front) and Kalinin Front (Front Commander Purkaev) during the operation was entrusted on him. The operation was aimed at the encirclement and destruction of the 9th Field Army Wehrmacht, but this goal is not reached. Soviet losses in it were 215 thousand killed, wounded and captured, 1315 tanks and assault guns for 25 days. Thus, the average loss of Soviet troops in a single day of combat operations (8666 men and 52.6 of the tank) far exceeded the losses in the Stalingrad offensive (6466 men and 38.9 tanks) . At the same time it prevented the transfer of German reserves from the central areas of the Soviet-German front in the south, where they might adversely affect the course and outcome of the battle of Stalingrad. [Source not specified 408 days]
In addition, Zhukov as a representative of the Stavka coordinated attacks armies of the Stalingrad front in between the Don and Volga rivers in the first half of September 1942 who have not achieved their goals - a breakthrough of the front of the 14th Tank Corps, 6th Army of Wehrmacht or the diversion of German forces from the Stalingrad.
In addition to operational commander, Zhukov, according to the version put forward by them and Vasilevsky to memoir, is also co-wrote (along with Vasilevsky) of the key Soviet military plan for 1942 - the plan for the strategic operation "Uranus", to defeat the German forces at Stalingrad. The plan, which, according to the memoirs of Zhukov and Vasilevsky, their cost and Stalin's signature has not yet been published, despite the lapse of time.
During 1943, Zhukov coordinated action of the fronts of operations "Spark" in breaking the blockade of Leningrad (1943).
January 18 Zhukov was awarded the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union. He became the first marshal of the Soviet Union since the war began.
From March 17, Zhukov was in the Belgorod sector emerging Kursk Bulge (Voronezh Front). Marshal Rokossovsky K. Zhukov spoke about the activities of the post of representative of the rates on the Central Front:
GK Zhukov refused to approve my request to start an artillery counter-preparation after receiving intelligence of the impending German attack, providing a solution to this problem to me as commander of the front. Decide on the event had to be immediately, as the request rates did not have time.
After the operation in 2 hours 20 minutes July 5, 1943 Zhukov called the rate of about 10 hours, reported the situation to Stalin and asked permission to go down to Sokolovsky on the Western Front, and then left. That's look stay GK Zhukov on the Central Front. In the preparatory period for the operation we have it did not happen even once.
- VIZH 1992, № 3, p. 31
Directly Zhukov (July 5) in the defensive and offensive phases of the Battle of Kursk coordinated the Western, Bryansk, Voronezh and Steppe Fronts.
In late August and September during the Chernigov-Poltava operation Zhukov coordinated the Voronezh and Steppe Fronts during operations to pursuit of the enemy, retreating to the Dnieper.
As a result, Zhitomir-Berdichev operation formed the Korsun-Shevchenko ledge Zhukov and Stalin Vatutin report January 11, 1944 proposed a cut. In the environment, according to information from Manstein, got ak 42 1st Panzer Army, and 11 ac of the 8th Army: 6 divisions and one brigade. I. Research Moschanskogo - 10 divisions and one brigade . During the operation, General Zhukov and Konev accused Vatutina of inactivity against the encircled German forces, which led to her break out of encirclement. As a result of treatment Konev to Stalin's inner encirclement was completely placed under the command of Konev. This episode has further complicated the relationship Zhukov and Konev.
After the death of Stalin ordered Zhukov Vatutina head of the 1st Ukrainian Front. Troops under the command Zhukov conducted in March-April 1944, Chernivtsi offensive Proskurov-operation and went to the foothills of the Carpathians.
April 10, 1944, Marshal Zhukov was awarded the highest military award - the Order of the "Victory" for number 1.
Summer of 1944, Zhukov coordinated the 1st and 2nd Belorussian Fronts in "Operation Bagration." Good logistical means the operation completed successfully. Promotion was not 150-200 km, as planned, and 400-500 km. During the offensive, Zhukov proposed July 8, 1944 (regardless of Vasilevsky, who proposed the same idea) proposal for the transfer of one Panzer Army from the 1st Ukrainian Front, which had an excess of capabilities in the front group and Wasilewski on the 2nd Byelorussian Front, with simultaneous strengthening of the group's one combined arms army from a reserve, and some other parts, for a surprise attack on until the very poorly defended East Prussia . However, the idea was rejected. As noted later, Zhukov:
"I think it was a serious error of the Supreme, subsequently resulting in the need for extremely complex and bloody East Prussian operation" 
In July 1944, Zhukov coordinated the actions of the 1st Ukrainian Front, which hit her in Lviv, and Rav-Russian part of the forces on the Stanislavsky directions.
1945Na final stage of the war, the 1st Belorussian Front led by Marshal Zhukov, held in conjunction with the 1st Ukrainian Konev commanded Vistula-Oder operation (January 12 - February 3, 1945), in which Soviet forces liberated Warsaw (January 17, 1945) , Cleave smashed Army Group "A" General Field Marshall and J. FI Kharp Scherner. Soviet losses in this operation amounted to 193 215 people.
Of these, the 1st Belorussian Front (1.0289 million people) lost 77 342 people (7.5%) , while the 1st Ukrainian (1.0838 million people) has lost 115 783 people (10.7% ) , that is 1.5 times greater.
Despite the fact that the front Zhukov went on the offensive for two days later the neighboring 1st Ukrainian, the pace of the 1st Belorussian Front exceeded so the pace of the neighboring two fronts, that it led to expose the flanks of 100-150 km from the north and south of the advanced parts of the front and forced stretching the length of the front .
February 10 - April 4, the right wing of the 1st Belorussian Front took part in the East Pomeranian operations, while losing 52 303 men from 359 600 (14.5%) . 2nd Byelorussian Front under Rokossovsky lost while 173 389 of 560 900 (30.9%) .
1st Byelorussian Front ended the war participation in the Berlin operation, losing 179,490 people from 908 500 (19.7%) , while the 1st Ukrainian Front had lost 113 825 people out of 550 900 (20, 7%) .
May 8, 1945 at 22:43 (May 9, 0:43 Moscow time) in Karlshorst (Berlin), Zhukov was from Hitler, General Field Marshal Wilhelm von Keitel's unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany and was appointed commander of a group of Soviet Forces in Germany.
Beetles and Two victory parade
June 24, 1945, Marshal Zhukov was a Victory Parade of the Soviet Union over Germany in World War II, which took place in Moscow's Red Square. He commanded the parade marshal Rokossovsky.
September 7, 1945 in Berlin at the Brandenburg Gate Victory Day parade held on the Allied forces in World War II (in the parade marched columns of troops and armored vehicles in Berlin garrisons of the USSR, France, UK and USA), from the Soviet Union took the parade Marshal Zhukov   . The parade - British Maj. Gen. Neyrs (born Eric Paytherus Nares, the commandant of the British Sector of Berlin)  .
Awards of the Russian Empire
Cross of St. George 3rd Class
George Cross 4th Class
[Edit] Awards of the USSR
(Four times Hero of the Soviet Union, 13 medals, 16 medals and honorable weapon)
4 "Gold Star" Hero of the Soviet Union (29/08/1939, 07/29/1944, 01/06/1945, 01/12/1956)
6 Orders of Lenin (16/08/1936, 29/08/1939, 21/02/1945, 12/01/1956, 12/01/1966, 01/12/1971)
2 Order 'Victory »(№ 1 - 10.04.1944, № 5 - 03.30.1945)
Order of the October Revolution (02/22/1968)
3 Order of Red Banner (31/08/1922, 03/11/1944, 20/06/1949)
2 Order of Suvorov 1st Class (№ 1 - 28.01.1943, № 39 - 07/28/1943)
Honorary weapon - a sword inscribed with gold National Emblem of the Soviet Union (22/02/1968)
The medal "In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Vladimir Ilyich Lenin"
Medal "20 Years of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army"
Medal "For defense of Moscow"
The medal "For the Defense of Leningrad"
Medal "For defense of Stalingrad"
Medal "For defense of the Caucasus"
Medal "For Victory over Germany in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
Medal "For Victory over Japan"
Medal "For the taking of Berlin"
Medal "For Liberation of Warsaw"
Medal "20 Years of Victory in Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945."
Medal "In memory of the 800th anniversary of Moscow"
Medal "In memory of the 250th Anniversary of Leningrad"
Medal "30 Years of the Soviet Army and Navy"
Medal "40 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
Medal "50 Years of the USSR Armed Forces"
[Edit] Foreign Awards
(Hero of the MPR, 18 medals, 10 medals and honorary Italian partisan)
Gold Star of Hero of the Mongolian People's Republic (1969)
Order of Red Banner of the Republic of Tuva (1939)
3 Order of Sukhbaatar, MPR (1968, 1969, 1971)
2 of the Order of the Red Banner, MPR (1939, 1942)
The Order of Liberty, SFR Yugoslavia (1956)
Order "Cross of Grunwald" Class 1, the NDP (1945)
Order "Virtuti military" class 1, the NDP (1945)
Order of the Restitution of Poland of 2nd class, PPR (1968)
Order of the Restitution of Poland third class, the NDP (1973)
Order of the White Lion 1st Class, Czechoslovakia (1945)
Order of the White Lion "For Victory", 1 st degree, Czechoslovakia (1945)
Military Cross in 1939, Czechoslovakia (1945)
Order "The Legion of Honor" the degree of Commander, United States (1945)
Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Bath, United Kingdom (1945)
Legion of Honor 1st Class, France (1945)
Order of Military Merit, 1st Class (Grand Officer Cross), Egypt (1956)
Medal "50 Years of the Mongolian People's Revolution," MPR (1971)
Medal "50 Years of the Mongolian People's Army," MPR (1971)
Medal «XXX Anniversary of Victory in Khalkhin-" MPR (1969)
Medal "For Victory over Japan", MPR (1945)
The medal "90th anniversary of the birth of Georgi Dimitrov," NRB
Medal "25 Years of the Bulgarian People's Army," NRB
The medal "For Warsaw 1939-1945", the NDP (1946)
The medal "For the Oder Neisse line, the Baltic," the NDP (1946)
2 medals, "Sino-Soviet friendship", China (1953, 1956)
Medal "Garibaldi", Italy (1956)
Honorary Italian Partisan (1956)
Wives and children
Maria Volokhova (1897 born) - in relation to 1919, marriage was not entered.
Daughter - Margaret G. (1929 born)
Lidia Zakharova - the relationship with the autumn of 1941 to 1950, the marriage was not entered.
Alexander Zhukov Dievna (in virgins. Zuikova, 1900 DOB) - in a relationship since 1920, have been married since 1953 ).
Daughter - Dawn G. (1929 born in 1928 according to other sources). She graduated from MGIMO, Ph.D., worked at the Institute of State and Law of RAS 
Daughter - Ella G. (1937-2010), graduated from MGIMO, and journalist. 
Galina Zhukova (in virgins. Semenov, 1926 DOB) - in a relationship since 1950, have been married since 1965 and until her death in 1973.
Daughter - Mary G. (born in 1957) 
Perpetuation of the memory
State awards of the Russian Federation named commander: Order of Zhukov Zhukov and a medal.
At home his name is commander Zhukov town - the administrative center of Kaluga region Zhukovsky.
In 1995 he established the annual Russian Federation State Prize named after Marshal Georgy Zhukov for his outstanding achievements in the field of military science and the establishment of military equipment, as well as for the best works of literature and art devoted to the Great Patriotic War (the law of 19.05.1995 № 80-FZ).
The world's first monument in 1979, Zhukov was established on the 40th anniversary of victory in Khalkhin-in Ulan Bator (Mongolia) next to the world's first house-museum Zhukov, stored in five-storey building of the district model, in the street name (Mong . Zhukovyn gudamzh)
Zhukov, a bronze bust and monuments in various cities of the former USSR. In 1995 he established the equestrian monument to Zhukov on Manege Square in Moscow. In the same year in Moscow in the square named after Marshal Zhukov Marshal Zhukov Avenue has been set yet another monument commander. In general the northern metro station "Kashirskich" a monument, a bust of Zhukov.
In honor of Georgy Zhukov named: station "Marshal Zhukov" Kharkiv subway, the streets in many cities in Russia and CIS (pamphlets in Moscow, Minsk, Odessa, Volgograd, Irkutsk, St. Petersburg, Odessa).
The name assigned to the Military Academy Marshall Aerospace Defense in Tver (Military Academy of Aerospace Defense Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov).
In November 1996, in the old building of the General Staff in Moscow (str Znamenka, 19) opened a memorial museum study of Zhukov 
In honor of Marshal named a minor planet 2132 Zhukov, opened in 1975.
The song "Marshal Zhukov and Victory." Music: E. Kolmanovskii. Tags: E. Dolmatovsky, 1982
In honor of Marshal named tanker ("Marshal Zhukov") Novorossiysk Shipping Company.
In honor of Marshal passenger ship named the Volga Shipping (Georgi Zhukov).
Socionics one TIMov called "Zhukov".
In honor of Marshal May 8, 2007 in Minsk Square unveiled a bust to his memory, GK Zhukov
In the USSR, and Kyrgyzstan were issued postage stamps dedicated to Zhukov.
In honor of Marshal named freighter ("Georgy Zhukov") Shipping Company Standard Shipping.